Dr. Kurt Paschke La Manna

E-mail: kpaschke@uach.cl

 Licenciado en biología marina de la Universidad Austral de Chile

 Doctor en Recursos Naturales de la Universidad de Hamburgo, Alemania.

Líneas de investigación:

 Fisiología de Invertebrados - Ecofisiología - Cultivo - Reproducción de Crustáceos - Fisiología del Desarrollo.



Publicaciones indexada ISI:

  1. Vargas-Chacoff, L; Martinez, D; Oyarzun-Salazar, R; Paschke, K; Navarro, JM. 2021. The osmotic response capacity of the Antarctic fish Harpagifer antarcticus is insufficient to cope with projected temperature and salinity under climate change. Journal of Thermal Biology. Publicado. 0306-4565.
  2. Martinez, D; Moncada-Kopp, C; Paschke, K; Navarro, JM; Vargas-Chacoff. 2021. Warming and freshening activate the transcription of genes involved in the cellular stress response in Harpagifer antarcticus. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. Publicado. 0920-1742.
  3. Diaz, M; Molinet, C; Matamala, T; Diaz, R; Uribe, D; Diaz, PA; Paschke, K; Gebauer, P. 2021. Using a 3D image-based volumetric model to estimate fecundity in Lithodes santolla: A tool for improving Lithodidae crustacean monitoring. Fisheries Research. Publicado. 0165-7836.
  4. Navarro, JM; Detree, C; Morley, SA; Cardenas, L; Ortiz, A; Vargas-Chacoff, L; Paschke, K; Gallardo, P; Guillemin, ML; Gonzalez-Wevar, C. 2020. Evaluating the effects of ocean warming and freshening on the physiological energetics and transcriptomic response of the Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna. Science of the Total Environment. Publicado. 0048-9697.
  5. Martinez, D; De Lazaro, O; Cortes, P; Oyarzun-Salazar, R; Paschke, K; Vargas-Chacoff, L. 2020. Hypoxia modulates the transcriptional immunological response in Oncorhynchus kisutch. FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY. Publicado. 1050-4648.
  6. Molinet, C.,  Olguín, A., Gebauer, P., Díaz, PA., Díaz, D., Matamala, T., Mora, P., Paschke, K. 2020. Upswing and expansion of the southern king crab (Lithodes santolla) fishery in Northwest Patagonia: Drivers, trends and opportunities for management . Regional Studies in Marine Science:10107.
  7. Pardo, LM, Zara, FJ, Riveros, MP, Paschke, K, Pretterebner, K, Mantelatto, FL.  2019. Integrative depiction of the male reproductive system of the commercial purple crab Homalaspis plana : Structure and function. Journal of Morphology. 280: 1693– 1705.
  8. Mascaró, M., Horta, JL., Diaz, F., Paschke, K., Rosas, C., Simões, N. 2019. Effect of a gradually increasing temperature on the behavioural and physiological response of juvenile Hippocampus erectus: Thermal preference, tolerance, energy balance and growth. Journal of Thermal Biology, 85: 102406.
  9. Vargas-Chacoff, L., Muñoz, JL., Ocampo, D., Paschke, K., Navarro, JM. 2019. The effect of alterations in salinity and temperature on neuroendocrine responses of the Antarctic fish Harpagifer antarcticus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 235: 131-137.
  10. Uriarte, I., Astorga, M., Navarro, J.C., Viana, M.T., Rosas, C., Molinet, C., Hernández, J., Navarro, J., Moreno‐Villoslada, I., Amthauer, R., Kausel, G., Figueroa, J., Paredes, E., Paschke, K., Romero, A., Hontoria, F., Varó, I., Vargas‐Chacoff, L., Toro, J., Yáñez, A., Cárdenas, L., Enriquez, R., Olivares, A., Rey, M., Izquierdo, M., Sorgeloos, P., Soto, D. and Farías, A. 2019. Early life stage bottlenecks of carnivorous molluscs under captivity: a challenge for their farming and contribution to seafood production. Rev Aquacult, 11: 431-457.
  11. Gallardo MdlÁ, Rojas I, Brokordt K, Lovrich G., Nuñez,V., Paschke, K., Thiel, M., Yannicelli, B. 2019. Life on the edge: incubation behaviour and physiological performance of squat lobsters in oxygen-minimum conditions. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 623:51-70.
  12. Navarro, JM., Paschke, K., Ortiz, A., Vargas-Chacoff, L., Pardo, LM.l, Valdivia, N. 2019 The Antarctic fish Harpagifer antarcticus under current temperatures and salinities and future scenarios of climate change. Progress in oceanography.174: 37-43.
  13. Pretterebner K, Pardo LM, Paschke K. 2019 Temperature-dependent seminal recovery in the southern king crab Lithodes santolla. R. Soc. open sci. 6: 181700.
  14. Balboa, L., Urbina, MA., Riedemann, A., Rodriguez, SM., Paschke, K. 2019. Decreased Metabolic Rate in the Mole Crabs, Emerita analoga, Infected with the Acanthocephalan Profilicollis altmani, Journal of Parasitology, 105(1), 19-24.
  15. Viña, N., Bascur, M., Guzmán, F., Riera, R-, Paschke, K., Urzúa, A. 2018. Interspecific variation in the physiological and reproductive parameters of porcelain crabs from the Southeastern Pacific coast: potential adaptation in contrasting marine environments. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 226: 22-31.
  16. Bañuelos-Vargas I., Cárdenas-Chávez F., Paschke K., Román-Reyes J., Salazar-Leyva J., Martínez-Montaño E. 2018. Partial biochemical characterization of digestive proteases present in the gastric juices of two Chilean crustaceans, Lithodes santolla (Molina, 1782) and Cancer edwardsii (Bell, 1835). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. 46: 289-300.
  17.  Gebauer, P., Paschke, K., Vera, C., Toro, JE., Pardo, M. Urbina, M. 2017. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of commonly used anti-sea lice formulations on non-target crab Metacarcinus edwardsii larvae. Chemosphere 185: 1019-1029.
  18. Rodríguez-Fuentes, G., Murúa-Castillo, M., Díaz, F. ,Rosas, C., Caamal-Monsreal, C., Sánchez, A. , Paschke, K., Pascual, C. 2017. Ecophysiological biomarkers defining the thermal biology of the Caribbean lobster Panulirus argus. Ecological Indicators, 78: 192-204.
  19.  Leiva, FP., Niklitschek, EJ., Paschke, K., Gebauer, P. , Urbina, MA. 2016. Tide-related biological rhythm in the oxygen consumption rate of ghost shrimp Neotrypaea uncinate. The Journal of experimental biology. 219: 1957.
  20. Cumillaf, JP., Blanc, J., Paschke, K., Gebauer, P. , Díaz, F., Re, D., Chimal, ME., Vásquez, J., Rosas, C. 2016. Thermal biology of the sub-polar–temperate estuarine crab <em>Hemigrapsus crenulatus</em> (Crustacea: Decapoda: Varunidae). Biology Open, 5: 220.
  21. Segura, CJ., Pechenik, J.,  Montory, J., Navarro, JM., Paschke, K.,  Cubillos VM.,  Chaparro, OR. 2016. The cost of brooding in an estuary: implications of declining salinity for gastropod females and their brooded embryos. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 543:187-199.
  22. Pérez-Barros, P., Confalonieri, V.A., Paschke, K., Lovrich, G.A. 2015. Incongruence between molecular and morphological characters in the southern king crabs Lithodes santolla and Lithodes confundens (Decapoda: Anomura). Polar Biology: 1-11.
  23.  Padilla, S., Diaz, F., Re, D., Galindo, E., Sanchez, L., Nunez, A., Moreno, D., Paschke, K., Rosas, C. 2015. The effects of thermal acclimation on the behavior, thermal tolerance and respiratory metabolism in a crab inhabiting a wide range of thermal habitats (Cancer atennarius Stimpson, 1856, the red shore crab) Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology. ISSN 1023-6244.
  24. Leiva, F.P., Urbina, M.A., Cumillaf, J.P., Gebauer,P., Paschke, K. 2015. Physiological responses of the ghost shrimp Neotrypaea uncinata (Milne Edwards 1837) (Decapoda: Thalassinidea) to oxygen availability and recovery after severe environmental hypoxia. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 189: 30–37.
  25. Alter, K., K. Paschke, P. Gebauer, J.P. Cumillaf, HO. Pörtner. 2015. Differential physiological responses to oxygen availability in early life-stages of decapods developing in distinct environments. Marine Biology 162(5): 1111-1124.
  26. Segura, CJ., O. R. Chaparro, J. A. Pechenik, K. A. Paschke, S. J. A. Osores, J. M. Navarro, V. M. Cubillos. 2014. Delayed effects of severe hypoxia experienced by marine gastropod embryos. Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 510: 59–71.
  27. Gebauer,P., K Paschke, A Barría, K Anger.2013. Seasonal variation in dry weight and elemental composition of the early developmental stages of Petrolisthes laevigatus (Guérin, 1835)(Decapoda: Porcellanidae) in the Seno de Reloncaví, southern Chile. Helgoland Marine Research 67 (1), 167-177.
  28. Yannicelli, B., K Paschke, RR González, LR Castro. 2013. Metabolic responses of the squat lobster (Pleuroncodes monodon) larvae to low oxygen concentration.Marine biology 160 (4), 961-976.
  29. Paschke, K., Cumillaf, J.P., Chimal, M.E., Díaz, F., Gebauer, P., Rosas, C. 2013. Relationship between age and thermoregulatory behaviour of Lithodes santolla (Molina, 1782) (Decapoda, Lithodidae) juveniles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 448. 141-145.
  30. Urbina, M.A . , Paschke, K. , Gebauer, P , Cumillaf, J.P., Rosas, C. 2013. Physiological responses of the southern king crab, Lithodes santolla (Decapoda: Lithodidae), to aerial exposure. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 166: 4. 538-545.
  31. Urzúa, A., Paschke, K., Gebauer, P., Anger, K. 2012. Seasonal and interannual variations in size, biomass and chemical composition of the eggs of North Sea shrimp, Crangon crangon (Decapoda: Caridea). Marine Biology. 159: 3. 583-599.
  32. Uriarte, I., Iglesias, J., Domingues, P., Rosas, C., Viana, M.T., Navarro, J.C., Seixas, P., Vidal, E., Ausburger, A., Pereda, S., Godoy, F., Paschke, K., Farías, F., Olivares, A., Zúñiga, O. 2011. Current Status and Bottle Neck of Octopod Aquaculture: The Case of American Species.  Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 42 (6): 735-752.
  33. Gebauer, P.,  Freire, M., Barria, A., Paschke, K. 2011. Effect of conspecifics density on the settlement of Petrolisthes laevigatus (Decapoda: Porcellanidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 91: 1453-1458.
  34. Pardo, LM. , Gonzalez, K., Fuentes, JP. , Paschke, K., Oscar R. Chaparro 2011. Survival and behavioral responses of juvenile crabs of Cancer edwardsii to severe hyposalinity events triggered by increased runoff at an estuarine nursery ground. J.Exp.Mar.Biol.Ecol 404: 1-2. 33-39.
  35. Lardies, M., Muñoz, J. L., Paschke, K., Bozinovic, F. 2011. Latitudinal variation in the aerial/aquatic ratio of oxygen consumption of a supratidal high rockyshore crab. Marine Ecology 32: 42-51.
  36. Uriarte, I., Ana Farías, Kurt Paschke, Juan Carlos Navarro, Carlos Rosas. 2011. Observations on feeding and biochemical characteristics to improve larviculture of Robsonella fontaniana (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) Aquaculture 10:1016-1024 ISI: 1.93.
  37. Segura, C.J.; O.R. Chaparro; K.A. Paschke; J.A. Pechenik. 2010. Capsule walls as barriers to oxygen availability: implications for the development of brooded embryos by the estuarine gastropod Crepipatella dilatata (Calyptraeidae) J.Exp.Mar.Biol.Ecol 390: 49-57.
  38. Uriarte, I., J. Hernández, J. Dörner, K. Paschke, A. Farías, E. Crovetto, C. Rosas. 2010. Rearing and growth of the octopus Robsonella fontaniana (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from planktonic hatchlings to benthic juveniles. Biol. Bull. 218: 200-210.
  39. Gebauer, P., Paschke, K., Anger, K. 2010. Seasonal variation in the nutritional vulnerability of first-stage larval porcelain crab, Petrolisthes laevigatus (Anomura: Porcellanidae) in southern Chile J.Exp.Mar.Biol.Ecol 386: 103–112.
  40. Urbina, M., Paschke, K. , Gebauer, P., Chaparro, O. 2010. Physiological energetic responses of the estuarine crustacean Hemigrapsus crenulatus (Decapoda: Grapsidae) to different salinity levels.  J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 90(2): 267-273.
  41. Paschke, K., J.P. Cumillaf, S. Loyola, P. Gebauer, M. Urbina, M.E. Chimal, C. Pascual, C. Rosas. 2010. Effect of dissolved oxygen level on respiratory metabolism, nutritional physiology, and immune condition of southern king crab Lithodes santolla (Molina, 1782) (Decapoda, Lithodidae). Mar. Biol. 157: 7-18

Guía Tesis de Doctorado:

  1. 2017. Pineda Mauricio. Bases biológicas para el cultivo larvario en hatchery del cirripedio gigante Austromegabalanus psittacus (Molina,1782). Doctorado en Ciencias de la Acuicultura. Universidad Austral de Chile.

No Indexada (libros, capítulos de libro, revistas):

  1. Gebauer, P., Giménez, L., Hinojosa,IA., Paschke, K. 2020. Settlement and metamorphosis in barnacles and decapods. The Natural History of the Crustacea: Developmental Biology and Larval Ecology, , Volume 7, 223, , Oxford University Press, United States of America.
  2. Rosas, C., C. Pascual, M. Mascaró, P Gebauer, A. Farias, K. Paschke & I. Uriarte, 2011, Applied ecophysiology: an integrative form to know how culture environment modulates the performance of aquatic species from an energetic point of view. Pp. 161–194, in: B. Sladonja, ed., Aquaculture and the environment — a shared destiny. InTech, Croatia, 246 pp.


    1. Transporte de centolla en vivo a larga distancia: adición de valor a un recurso de gran importancia socio-económica de la Patagonia. FONDEF IDeA I 2019-20223. 2019. Investigador Responsable.
    2. Red multidisciplinaria para el desarrollo de la larvicultura marina de especies con ciclos de vida complejos. Etapa II.- Moluscos emblemáticos: pulpo del Norte (Octopus mimus), pulpo del Sur (Enteroctopus megalocyathus) y loco (Concholepas concholepas).DID-UACh. Núcleos de Investigación de Excelencia. 2019-2021. 2019.Parte del Consejo Directivo.
    3. Centro de Investigación Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos de Altas Latitudes (IDEAL). Fondap 15150003. 2015-2020. 2015. Co-investigador.
    4. Red Interdisciplinaria de Investigación Avanzada para la Larvicultura de especies marinas econ ciclos de vida complejos. Núcleos DID. 2015. Co-investigador.
    5. Coping with warming of Southern Ocean: invertebrates responses to thermal stress conditions. FONDECYT REGULAR N° 1131001.2013-2015. 2013.Co-Investigador.
    6. Paquete tecnológico: diversificación productiva de las APEs mediante sistemas de cultivos integrados. FONDEF HAUM AQ12I0010. 2013- 2016; 2012. Director Altern.
    7. “Physiological responses to oxygen availability during the life cycle of crustacean decapods, considering energy acquisition and different developing environments”. FONDECYT 1110637;  2011-2015; 2010; Investigador principal.
    8. Posicionamiento del cultivo de centolla austral para la diversificación de la acuicultura de especies nativas”. Innova-Corfo 09PDAC-6910; 2010-2011; 2009. Director.